Answered by the Webhosting Experts

Linux
Managed Services

Just Leave Linux to Us
Is maintaining your Linux server keeping your team bogged down? Alleviate unnecessary stress with one of Hivelocity’s Linux Managed Services plans. With reboots, monitoring, updates, and more, your team can rest easy knowing your hardware and OS are in the hands of hosting experts.

Configure your server today and see the benefits a Hivelocity managed Linux solution can offer you!

Tags
...
...

How to Zip a Folder in Linux

With Linux, as with any other operating system, the size of your files and applications makes a difference to the overall stability of your system. After all, servers only have a finite amount of storage, and once that storage is used up, processes can quickly grind to a halt. This is where knowing how to compress or “Zip” a folder in Linux can become especially useful.

Whether you’re looking to send a file in a more email-friendly format, or simply hoping to save space and avoid purchasing increased storage capabilities, the ability to compress a file or directory in Linux is a command every Linux user should know. 

 

How to Zip a File or Directory in Linux

Luckily, zipping a file in Linux is as easy as following these 3 steps:

  1. Depending on your Linux distribution, it may or may not already have the zip utility installed. After logging into Linux using your username and password, ensure you have the zip utility installed using these commands:
     
    sudo apt install zip
    (*for Ubuntu/Debian)
     
    or
     
    sudo yum install zip
    (*for CentOS/Fedora)
      
  2. Once the zip utility has been installed, you can begin using the zip command to compress files and folders. To compress a single folder or file, use the following syntax:
     
    zip -r <output.zip> <folder/file>
     
    So, if you wanted to compress Folder1 into Archive1.zip, you would use the command:
     
    zip -r archive1.zip Folder1
     
  3. You can also use the zip command to compress multiple files/folders into a single archive. This can be done by simply appending additional file names to the end of the command, like so:
     
    zip -r <output.zip> <file1> <file2> <file3>
     
    So, if you wanted to compress File1, File2, and File3 into a single archive, the command would look like this:
     
    zip -r archive1.zip File1 File2 File3
     

Additional Tips and Tricks

In addition to being able to compress one or multiple files using the zip command, you can also set the compression level you’d like the files compressed to. This value can range from 0 to 9 and runs at a 6 by default, with 0 meaning no compression and 9 representing optimal compression for each file. To manually set the compression level of a file to 9, use the following command:
 
zip -9 -r <output.zip> <folder/file>

Or, repeat this command replacing “-9” with another number to manually set the compression levels to that value instead. *Note: the higher the compression value, the longer and more CPU intensive the compression process will be.

On top of setting the compression level of the file using the zip command, you can also password protect a zipped file by encrypting it during the creation process. To encrypt a file, replace the “-r” in the command with “-e”, like so:
 
zip -e <output.zip> <folder/file>

When entered correctly, this command will prompt the user to enter and confirm a password to be associated with the encrypted file.

And there you have it! You now have multiple variants of the zip command you can use as needed to keep your files compressed and less resource demanding.

 

Popular Links

Looking for more information on Linux? Search our Knowledge Base!

Interested in more articles about Operating Systems? Navigate to our Categories page using the bar on the left or check out these popular articles:

Popular tags within this category include: Linux, Windows, Apache, CentOS, Debian, Fedora, RedHat, and more.

Don’t see what you’re looking for? Use the search bar at the top to search our entire Knowledge Base.

 

The Hivelocity Difference

Seeking a better Dedicated Server solution? In the market for Private Cloud or Colocation services? Check out Hivelocity’s extensive list of products for great deals and offers.

With best-in-class customer service, affordable pricing, a wide-range of fully-customizable options, and a network like no other, Hivelocity is the hosting solution you’ve been waiting for.

Unsure which of our services is best for your particular needs? Call or live chat with one of our sales agents today and see the difference Hivelocity can make for you.

Share

Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Email
WhatsApp

Need More Personalized Help?

If you have any further issues, questions, or would like some assistance checking on this or anything else, please reach out to us from your my.hivelocity.net account and provide your server credentials within the encrypted field for the best possible security and support.

If you are unable to reach your my.hivelocity.net account or if you are on the go, please reach out from your valid my.hivelocity.net account email to us here at: [email protected] We are also available to you through our phone and live chat system 24/7/365.

Rapid Restore

Backup your entire server’s data every night and have access to 5 days of rolling restore points.  Restore your server’s data, OS and configuration any time you need it.

Our Rapid Restore service saves the day during accidental data loss, hardware failures and virus contraction. Simply pick your recovery point and restore the data from that day. 

DDoS Protection

While our competitors may advertise DDoS protection, most often, they are merely implementing easily evaded router rules or simply black-holing targeted servers. They consider this “DDoS protecting their network.” However, neither of these solutions should give comfort to any online business. Should your site be attacked, chances are likely both of these options will end with your server being taken offline. At Hivelocity, we take the responsibility of keeping your servers online very seriously. For this reason, we offer two very serious forms of DDoS protection.

FREE

Every solution we provide includes our Filtering Edge of Network System (FENS). FENS is a series of proprietary systems that proactively monitors and protects the entire Hivelocity Network from most common Denial of Service (DOS) and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks.

$15/MONTH PER SERVER

For an extra fee, you can enhance your server’s protection further with the addition of our Server Defense System. Our Server Defense System sits in front of your server, inspecting inbound data and looking for malicious traffic. The moment an attack is detected, it instantly begins scrubbing each data packet. Hivelocity’s Server Defense System delivers business continuity even in the face of massive and complex attacks.

Our Server Defense System is like adding an alarm and armed guard to your business, alerting you to and destroying anything attempting to jump that fence. Our Server Defense System utilizes internally developed proprietary systems in addition to Corero’s Threat Defense Smartwalls for data packet scrubbing. Each of our data centers is a scrubbing center with Corero Smartwalls on-premise, allowing us to provide on-prem zero-lag data scrubbing.

SSL Certificates

The security of your online commerce and protecting your customers’ data is as important to us as it is to you. When your customers see the green bar, they will know their connection to you is protected. We offer single domain, multi-domain, and wild-card certificates.

We offer industry leading 128-bit encryption certificates, allowing you to conduct e-commerce with complete security. Inspire confidence in your customers by displaying any number of seals and indicators certifying that your site is secure.

Load Balancing

Adding this service to two servers with identical content will allow you to distribute your load evenly across your hardware. Don’t lose business because you couldn’t handle the demand. Load balance and handle your biggest resource spikes with ease.

Firewalls

Stop attacks, prevent unauthorized access, and achieve regulatory compliance. Our Juniper hardware firewalls offload the work so your server never has to consume resources protecting itself from malicious traffic. A single firewall can be used to protect multiple servers.

Cloud Storage

Cloud storage offers users redundancy and easy accessibility, ensuring your data remains secure and readily available. Scale to as much as you need for only a 20¢/GB.

Cloud Storage is distributed and replicated across many servers, protecting your data from hardware failure. Highly scalable, it can handle thousands of client connections via TCP/IP. Connect to your virtual drive with SFTP, FTP, and SSHMount and in the future NFS and AFP. Cloud Storage is based on a stackable design which is upgradeable up to 2TB per instance.