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How to Start, Stop, and Restart MySQL Server

When using MySQL, there are times when it’s important to know how to start, stop, or restart your MySQL server. Luckily, there are multiple, easy ways to do this. Which methods are available to you however, will depend on the operating system your running. 

Read on to learn how to start, stop, and restart MySQL server in both Linux and Windows.

How to Start, Stop, and Restart MySQL Server in Linux

If you need to stop or restart your MySQL server on a Linux system, there are three different commands that can be used:

  1. Depending on your Linux distribution, you can change the state of MySQL using the service command.

    • To start MySQL server:
      sudo service mysqld start
    • To stop MySQL server:
      sudo service mysqld stop
    • To restart MySQL server:
      sudo service mysqld restart
  2. If you don’t have the service command available or would prefer to make changes to MySQL using a different method, you can also use the init.d command to start/stop your MySQL server.

    • To start MySQL server:
      sudo /etc/init.d/mysqld start
    • To stop MySQL server:
      sudo /etc/init.d/mysqld stop
    • To restart MySQL server:
      sudo /etc/init.d/mysqld restart
  3. Lastly, you can also use the systemctl command to start, stop, and restart applications on Linux, including MySQL.

    • To start MySQL server:
      sudo systemctl start mysqld
    • To stop MySQL server:
      sudo systemctl stop mysqld
    • To restart MySQL server:
      sudo systemctl restart mysqld

How to Start, Stop, and Restart MySQL Server in Windows

If you’re trying to start, stop, or restart your MySQL server on a Windows-based system, you can do so easily from the command line. Just follow these 3 steps:

  1. To start, you’ll first need to open a terminal window. If you don’t have this somewhere easily accessible, you can find it quickly using the Windows’ Run dialog. To open the Run dialog, just press the Windows Key + R.
  2. Next, type in “cmd and press the Enter key. This will open a new terminal window.
  3. Once you’ve opened a terminal window, just type the following commands to start or stop MySQL server:

    • To start MySQL server:
      mysqld start
    • To stop MySQL server:
      mysqld stop

*Note: depending on which version of Windows you are running, you may need the specific name of the MySQL version number you are running in order to start or stop the service. To find this, go to the start menu and search for Services. Locate the version of MySQL you are using and try the following commands, replacing “##” with your version number:

net start MySQL##

net stop MySQL##

For instance, if you’re running MySQL 8.0, replace “MySQL##” with “MySQL80”.

And there you have it! You now have several different methods for starting, stopping, and restarting MySQL server as needed. 


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