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Restart a service/daemon on a Linux cPanel dedicated server?

If you are running cPanel/WHM on a Linux dedicated hosting server, most of the services can be restarted from within WHM, however sometimes you will need to restart them from the shell via ssh. You must be logged in as root to do this.

All standard Linux services such as http, ftp, exim, cpanel/whm, interchange, mysql, etc have init scripts in /etc/init.d/

To see what services with init scripts are on your dedicated server just type:

ls /etc//init.d/

There should be quite a few listed there.

The init scripts that you should be concerned with are:

  • cpanel3 – starts & stops cPanel and WHM. This includes Interchange, cppop, and cluster management services as well.
  • exim – starts & stops the exim mail server.
  • httpd – starts & stops the apache webserver.
  • mysql – starts & stops the MySQL database server.
  • named – starts & stops the BIND dns server.
  • proftpd – starts & stops the ProFTPD (or pureftpd when that is enabled) ftp server.

Using these scripts is very easy. Lets say that named/bind is down and you need to restart it. As root, simply type:

/etc/rc.d/init.d/named start

You should see it start up with a green [OK] on the left side of the terminal window. If you see a red [FAILED], check the message log:

tail /var/log/messages

You should be able to see the error where things went wrong. If you cna not fix this yourself, please contact technical support and we will take a look.

Some of these services have more options than just start and stop and other ways to use them. If you have a lot of domains using your DNS server and you don’t want to stop and restart it because you edited one domain, type “ndc reload”. ndc controls the named daemon. If you make a minor change to /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf, but do not want to restart it, type “/etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd graceful” to do a graceful restart (this will finish current requests before killing the child processes).

If you want to learn more about what commands each script offers, you can simply run the script without passing any arguments to it:

[email protected] [~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/cpanel3
Usage: /etc/rc.d/init.d/cpanel3 {start|stop|status|restart}

This lets you know that you can start, stop, check the running status of the service(s) or restart it.




Need More Personalized Help?

If you have any further issues, questions, or would like some assistance checking on this or anything else, please reach out to us from your account and provide your server credentials within the encrypted field for the best possible security and support.

If you are unable to reach your account or if you are on the go, please reach out from your valid account email to us here at: [email protected] We are also available to you through our phone and live chat system 24/7/365.

Rapid Restore

Backup your entire server’s data every night and have access to 5 days of rolling restore points.  Restore your server’s data, OS and configuration any time you need it.

Our Rapid Restore service saves the day during accidental data loss, hardware failures and virus contraction. Simply pick your recovery point and restore the data from that day. 

DDoS Protection

While our competitors may advertise DDoS protection, most often, they are merely implementing easily evaded router rules or simply black-holing targeted servers. They consider this “DDoS protecting their network.” However, neither of these solutions should give comfort to any online business. Should your site be attacked, chances are likely both of these options will end with your server being taken offline. At Hivelocity, we take the responsibility of keeping your servers online very seriously. For this reason, we offer two very serious forms of DDoS protection.


Every solution we provide includes our Filtering Edge of Network System (FENS). FENS is a series of proprietary systems that proactively monitors and protects the entire Hivelocity Network from most common Denial of Service (DOS) and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks.


For an extra fee, you can enhance your server’s protection further with the addition of our Server Defense System. Our Server Defense System sits in front of your server, inspecting inbound data and looking for malicious traffic. The moment an attack is detected, it instantly begins scrubbing each data packet. Hivelocity’s Server Defense System delivers business continuity even in the face of massive and complex attacks.

Our Server Defense System is like adding an alarm and armed guard to your business, alerting you to and destroying anything attempting to jump that fence. Our Server Defense System utilizes internally developed proprietary systems in addition to Corero’s Threat Defense Smartwalls for data packet scrubbing. Each of our data centers is a scrubbing center with Corero Smartwalls on-premise, allowing us to provide on-prem zero-lag data scrubbing.

SSL Certificates

The security of your online commerce and protecting your customers’ data is as important to us as it is to you. When your customers see the green bar, they will know their connection to you is protected. We offer single domain, multi-domain, and wild-card certificates.

We offer industry leading 128-bit encryption certificates, allowing you to conduct e-commerce with complete security. Inspire confidence in your customers by displaying any number of seals and indicators certifying that your site is secure.

Load Balancing

Adding this service to two servers with identical content will allow you to distribute your load evenly across your hardware. Don’t lose business because you couldn’t handle the demand. Load balance and handle your biggest resource spikes with ease.


Stop attacks, prevent unauthorized access, and achieve regulatory compliance. Our Juniper hardware firewalls offload the work so your server never has to consume resources protecting itself from malicious traffic. A single firewall can be used to protect multiple servers.

Cloud Storage

Cloud storage offers users redundancy and easy accessibility, ensuring your data remains secure and readily available. Scale to as much as you need for only a 20¢/GB.

Cloud Storage is distributed and replicated across many servers, protecting your data from hardware failure. Highly scalable, it can handle thousands of client connections via TCP/IP. Connect to your virtual drive with SFTP, FTP, and SSHMount and in the future NFS and AFP. Cloud Storage is based on a stackable design which is upgradeable up to 2TB per instance.