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Enable the full text indexing for a MSSQL database



Initializes full-text indexing or removes all full-text catalogs from the current database.

sp_fulltext_database [@action =] 'action'
[@action =] 'action'

Is the action to be performed. action is varchar(20), and can be one of these values.
Enables full-text indexing within the current database. Important Use carefully. If full-text catalogs already exist, this procedure drops all full-text catalogs, re-creates any full-text indexing indicated in the system tables, and marks the database as full-text enabled.This action does not cause index population to begin; an explicit start_full or start_incremental on each catalog must be issued using sp_fulltext_catalog to populate or repopulate the full-text index.

Removes all full-text catalogs in the file system for the current database and marks the database as being disabled for full-text indexing. This action does not change any full-text index metadata at the full-text catalog or table level.

Return Code Values

0 (success) or 1 (failure)
Result Sets

Disabling full-text indexing does not remove rows from sysfulltextcatalogs and does not indicate that full-text enabled tables are no longer marked for full-text indexing. All the full-text metadata definitions are still in the system tables. It does indicate that full-text indexing is turned off for the database and no full-text indexing activity can occur.


Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role and db_owner fixed database role can execute sp_fulltext_database.


A. To enable a database for full-text indexing
This example enables full-text indexing for the Northwind database.
USE Northwind
EXEC sp_fulltext_database 'enable'

B. To remove all catalogs from a database
This example disables full-text indexing for the Northwind database.
USE Northwind
EXEC sp_fulltext_database 'disable'

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