How to Install and Configure DNS on Your Windows Server 2003 Computer
Need to know how to install and configure DNS? In this guide we’ll cover the DNS configuration and installation procedure specifically for Windows Server 2003. For information on installing DNS onto newer server models, check out our guide on How to Setup DNS Server on Windows Server 2012.
Preliminary Requirements for DNS Configuration
Before you can configure your DNS, you’ll need to gather some basic information. Some of these requirements must be pre-approved by InterNIC for use on the Internet. If you’re configuring your server for internal use only, you can decide which names and IP addresses to use yourself.
To start, you must have the following information:
- Your domain name (approved by InterNIC)
- The IP address and host name of each server that you want to provide name resolution for
*Note: Your servers may include mail servers, public access servers, FTP servers, WWW servers, and others.
Additionally, before you can configure your computer as a DNS, you’ll need to verify that the following conditions are true:
- First, you’ll need to ensure that your operating system is configured correctly. In the Windows Server 2003 family, the DNS service relies on the correct configuration of the operating system and its services, such as TCP/IP. If you have a new installation of a Windows Server 2003 operating system, you can use the default service settings, removing the need to take additional action.
- Next, make sure you’ve allocated all the available disk space.
- Lastly, check that all existing disk volumes use the NTFS file system. FAT32 volumes are not secure, and do not support file and folder compression, disk quotas, file encryption, or individual file permissions
To install DNS, just follow these 4 steps:
- First, you’ll need to open the Windows Components Wizard. To locate the Windows Components Wizard:
- Click Start, -> Control Panel, and then click on Add or Remove Programs.
- Click Add/Remove Windows Components.
- In Components, select the Networking Services check box, and then click Details.
- In Subcomponents of Networking Services, select the Domain Name System (DNS) check box, click OK, and then click Next.
- If you are prompted, in Copy files from, type the full path of the distribution files, and then click OK.
Once this process is completed, DNS should begin installing.
To configure your DNS server, follow these 5 steps:
- First, you’ll need to start the Configure Your Server Wizard. To do so, click Start -> All Programs -> Administrative Tools, and then click Configure Your Server Wizard.
- On the Server Role page, click DNS server, and then click Next.
- On the Summary of Selections page, view and confirm the options that you have selected. The following items should appear on this page:
• Install DNS
• Run the Configure a DNS Wizard to configure DNS
If the Summary of Selections page lists these two items, click Next.
If the Summary of Selections page does not list these two items, click Back to return to the Server Role page, click DNS, and then click Next to load the page again.
- When the Configure Your Server Wizard installs the DNS service, it first determines whether the IP address for this server is static or is configured automatically. If your server is currently configured to obtain its IP address automatically, the Configuring Components page of the Windows Components Wizard will prompt you to configure the server with a static IP address. To do so perform the following actions:
- In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), and then click Properties.
- Next, click Use the following IP address, and then type the static IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway for this server.
- In Preferred DNS, type the IP address of this server.
- In Alternate DNS, either type the IP address of another internal DNS server, or leave this box blank.
- When you’ve finished setting up the static IP addresses for your DNS, click OK, and then click Close.
- After you Close the Windows Components Wizard, the Configure a DNS Server Wizard will start. In the wizard, follow these steps:
- On the Select Configuration Action page, select the Create a forward lookup zone check box, and then click Next.
- To specify that this DNS hosts a DNS zone that contains DNS resource records for your network resources, on the Primary Server Location page, click This server maintains the zone, and then click Next.
- On the Zone Name page, in Zone name, specify the name of the DNS zone for your network, and then click Next. The name of the zone is the same as the name of the DNS domain for your small organization or branch office.
- On the Dynamic Update page, click Allow both nonsecure and secure dynamic updates, and then click Next. This makes sure that the DNS resource records for the resources in your network update automatically.
- On the Forwarders page, click Yes, it should forward queries to DNS servers with the following IP addresses, and then click Next. When you select this configuration, you forward all DNS queries for DNS names outside your network to a DNS at either your ISP or central office. Type one or more IP addresses that either your ISP or central office DNS servers use.
- On the Completing the Configure a DNS Wizard page of the Configure a DNS Wizard, you can click Back to change any of your selected settings. Once you’re happy with your selections, click Finish to apply them.
After finishing the Configure a DNS Wizard, the Configure Your Server Wizard displays the This Server is Now a DNS Server page. To review the changes made to your server or to make sure that a new role was installed successfully, click on the Configure Your Server log. The Configure Your Server Wizard log is located at:
%systemroot%\Debug\Configure Your Server.log
To close the Configure Your Server Wizard, just click Finish.
And there you have it! You’ve successfully installed and configured DNS on your Windows Server 2003.
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